How to properly plant live citronella for best results

Citronella, renowned for its aromatic properties and natural insect-repelling abilities, is a fantastic addition to any garden or outdoor space. To ensure you get the best results from your live citronella plant, proper planting is key. In this guide, we'll walk you through the steps to help you cultivate a thriving citronella plant that not only enhances your surroundings but also keeps pesky insects at bay.

Selecting the Right Citronella Plant:

Start by choosing a healthy citronella plant. Look for a specimen with vibrant green leaves, free from discoloration or signs of pests. Citronella is commonly available in garden centers as citronella geraniums (Pelargonium citrosum) or Citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus). Choose the variety that suits your preferences.

Choosing the Right Container or Planting Spot:

Whether you're planting citronella in a container or directly in the ground, ensure that the chosen location receives plenty of sunlight. Citronella plants thrive in full sun, so select a spot with at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. If planting in a container, make sure it has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.

Preparing the Soil:

Citronella prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. Prepare the soil by mixing in organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to enhance fertility. If planting in a container, use a high-quality potting mix designed for outdoor plants.


  • For container planting: Fill the container with the prepared soil, leaving enough space for the root ball. Plant the citronella at the same depth it was in its nursery pot, and water thoroughly.
  • For in-ground planting: Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of the citronella plant. Place the plant in the hole, backfill with soil, and water generously.

Watering Routine:

Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during the growing season. However, avoid waterlogged conditions, as citronella plants are susceptible to root rot. Water deeply when the top inch of soil feels dry.


Citronella plants generally do not require heavy fertilization. Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in spring, following the package instructions. Over-fertilization can lead to lush foliage but reduced citronella oil production.

Pruning and Harvesting:

Regular pruning helps encourage bushier growth and enhances the release of citronella oil. Pinch back the tips of the plant regularly to promote branching. Harvest leaves as needed for use in potpourri, essential oils, or as a natural insect repellent.

Winter Care:

Citronella is sensitive to frost. If you're in a colder climate, consider growing citronella in a container that can be brought indoors during winter. Alternatively, mulch the base of the plant to protect it from cold temperatures.


By following these steps for proper planting and care, you'll be well on your way to cultivating a thriving citronella plant that not only adds beauty and fragrance to your surroundings but also serves as a natural deterrent to mosquitoes and other insects. Enjoy the benefits of this wonderful plant in your outdoor spaces!

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